MS Monarch of the Seas

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Monarch of the seas.JPG
Monarch of the Seas anchored off Coco Cay with tender along side
Name: MS Monarch of the Seas
Owner: Royal Caribbean International
Operator: Royal Caribbean International
Port of registry: Nassau, 22x20px Bahamas
Route: Bahamas-Departing from Port Canaveral
Builder: Chantiers de l'Atlantique; Saint-Nazaire, France
Launched: 1991
Maiden voyage: November 11, 1991
In service: 1991-present
Identification: IMO number: 8819500
Status: In active service as of 2010
Notes: CDC sanitation score: 97% (06-23-2008)[1]
General characteristics
Class and type: Sovereign class cruise ship
Tonnage: 73,941 gross tons
Displacement: 47,508 tonnes
Length: 268.33 m (880 ft 4 in)
Beam: 32.20 m (105 ft 8 in)
Draft: 7.55 m (24 ft 9 in)
Decks: 12
Installed power: 21,840 kW from 4 Pielstick-Alsthom diesels
Propulsion: Two controllable pitch propellers rear; two thrusters each side forward
Speed: 22 knots (40.7 km/h/25.3 mph)
Capacity: 2,744 passengers

MS Monarch of the Seas is the second of three Sovereign class cruise ships owned and operated by Royal Caribbean International. She was built in 1991 at the Chantiers de l'Atlantique shipyards in Saint-Nazaire, France.

At 73,941 gross tons, Monarch was one of the largest cruise ships in the world at time of her completion. She can carry up to 2,744 passengers.

Monarch has an outdoor basketball court, two shuffleboard courts, and a rock climbing wall, which is marketed as an exclusive feature of Royal Caribbean International. There are also two full-sized salt water pools. She was completely refurbished in May 2003 prior to beginning service from Los Angeles. The refurbishment added a rock-climbing wall, Ben & Jerry's Ice Cream and Seattle's Best Coffee, a Latin Bar, disco, Asian-fusion restaurant and conference center. The fitness center, spa and children's area were also enlarged.[2] Today Monarch sails 3 and 4 night cruises to the Bahamas out of its home port in Port Canaveral, Florida with stops in Coco Cay and Nassau, Bahamas.

In 2007, Monarch became the first major cruiseliner in the world to be captained by a woman, the Swede Karin Stahre Janson, who remained the only one until 2010 when the British captain Sarah Breton took charge of MS Artemis of P&O Cruises.[3][4]


Grounding off St. Maarten

After evacuating a sick passenger at Philipsburg, St. Maarten, the Netherland Antilles on 15 December 1998, Monarch of the Seas grazed a reef while departing opening a 40 by 2 metres (130 by 6.6 ft) gash along the starboard hull.[5]. The ship started taking water and began to sink by the head. Three of her watertight compartments were completely flooded and several others partially flooded.

She was intentionally grounded on a sandbar to prevent further sinking. All passengers were evacuated by crew members and local tender operators. No lives were lost. The grounding breached 2 diesel fuel tanks and an overflow tank causing a small fuel spill of approximately 100 US gallons (380 l; 83 imp gal) resulted as well as severe damage to the ship.[5][6] A joint investigation by the Norwegian Maritime Investigator and the United States Coast Guard found that the accident was due to “…a myriad of human performance deficiencies.” Reports also indicate that navigation out of the port was done by eye rather than use of electronic navigation and that the relocation of a vital buoy was not reflected on charts.[7][8]

The ship was drydocked for repairs for three months at Atlantic Marine’s Mobile, Alabama facilities. One-hundred and fourteen of the ship’s compartments had to be cleaned. The work also included the replacement of machinery, 460 tons of shell plating, and 18 miles (29 km) of electrical wiring.

Gas leak

While docked at the port of Los Angeles in February 2005, maintenance on a sewage pipe caused a small amount of raw sewage and an unknown amount of hydrogen sulfide gas to escape. Three crew members, Boris Dimitrov of Bulgaria; Willie Tirol of The Philippines and Radomilja Frane of Croatia, were killed and 19 others were injured. Reports said that the deaths were almost instantaneous as the crew members were not wearing breathing apparatus at the time.[9][10]

Captain's death

38 year old Captain Joern Rene Klausen was found dead in his stateroom aboard the Monarch of the Seas early the morning of January 30, 2006. The ship was returning to Los Angeles from a three-day cruise to Ensenada, Mexico.[11] According to reports, the death appeared to be of "natural causes".[12]

2010 New Year suicide

A 23-year old woman passenger jumped off the 11th deck of the ship around 4am on Thursday, December 31, 2009. The woman was reported missing by her husband, a Royal Caribbean employee.[13][14]



  1. "Cruise Ships Inspection Score for MS Monarch of the Seas". Vessel Sanitation Program. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. 06-23-2008. 
  2. "Royal Caribbean International's Monarch of the Seas to be completely refurbished in late-5/03". Travel Agent (magazine). March 24, 2003. "Look for Royal Caribbean International's Monarch of the Seas, one of RCI's older ships, to be completely refurbished in late May before it begins Los Angeles service in June.". 
  3. "Q&A: World's first female captain of a major cruise ship". USA Today. 5 November 2007. Retrieved 22 April 2010. 
  4. "Sarah Breton:The first female cruise ship captain". Daily Express. 22 April 2010. Retrieved 22 April 2010. 
  5. 5.0 5.1 "Monarch of the Seas Incident Summary". National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration. 1998-12-16. Retrieved 2009-01-01. 
  6. "Disaster Averted On Luxury Line". CBS News. 1998-12-16. Retrieved 2008-12-28. 
  7. Bryant, Dennis L. (September 27, 2006). "The Law of E-Navigation". Retrieved 2008-12-28. 
  8. Maritime Investigator of Norway & US Coast Guard. Report of Investigation into the Circumstances Surrounding the Grounding of the MONARCH OF THE SEAS on Proselyte Reef in Great Bay, Philipsburg, St. Maarten, Netherlands Antilles. 
  9. Becerra, Hector (Sep 3, 2005). "Gas Kills 3 Crewmen on Ship; Sewage bursts from a pipe during repair on a cruise liner at the Port of L.A. Twenty others are injured, but no passengers are hurt.". Los Angeles Times. Retrieved 2009-01-01. 
  10. "3 Workers Who Died on Cruise Ship Identified". Los Angeles Times. Sep 5, 2005. Retrieved 2009-01-01. 
  11. "CRUISE SHIP CAPTAIN DIES ON TRIP". Long Beach Press-Telegram. February 2, 2006. Retrieved 2009-01-01. 
  12. "Monarch of the Seas master dies.". Europe Intelligence Wire. 02-FEB-06. Retrieved 2009-01-01. 
  13. "'Monarch' back at Port Canaveral sans passenger". 2002-01-01. Retrieved 2009-01-01. 
  14. "Cruise Ship Passenger Missing After Jumping Overboard". Central Florida News 13. 2002-01-01. Retrieved 2009-01-02. 

External links

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