|The prow of the wreck Adolphe|
|Owner:||Ant. Dom. Bordes et fils|
|Port of registry:||Dunkirk, France|
|Ship registration number:||Unknown|
|Ship official number:|
|Builder:||A.-D. Bordes et Fils of Bordeaux|
|Laid down:||shipyard of Chantiers de France, Dunkerque|
|Launched:||23 March 1902|
|Maiden voyage:||September 1902 - Arrived at Iquique from Port Talbot after 105 days|
|Tonnage:||Gross tonnage (GT) of 3204 tons|
|Displacement:||Net tonnage (NT) of 2413 tons|
|Length:||95.58 m (313.58 ft)|
|Beam:||13.74 m (45.08 ft)|
|Draught:||7.345 m (24.098 ft)|
|Where lost:||Newcastle, Oyster Bank|
|Reason for loss:||Tug hawser parted|
|Travelling from:||after a voyage from Antwerp, 85 days out|
|Travelling to:||Newcastle, NSW|
|Wreck depth:||Above Water Level|
The Adolphe was a sailing ship that was wrecked at the mouth of the Hunter River in New South Wales Australia in 1904. The ship is now the most prominent of several wrecks on what is now the Stockton breakwall, which protects Newcastle harbour. The rescue of the ship’s crew has gone down in local maritime history as one of the most remarkable in local waters.
Ship description and construction
Adolphe was a four-masted steel barque built in 1902 by Chantiers de France, Dunkerque. It was rigged with double top and topgallant sails.
On 30 September 1904 Adolphe was being towed through the entrance of Newcastle harbour by the tugs Hero and Victoria. Heavy seas prevented the tugs from holding her and she was swept first on to the wreck of the Colonist, then battered by waves that forced her on top of other submerged wrecks on what was then called the Oyster Bank. The lifeboat hurried to the scene and within two hours all 32 of the crew had been taken off. The northern breakwater of the entrance to the port of Newcastle was extended after the loss of the Adolphe. The French consul made an official visit to Newcastle to recognise the efforts of the lifeboat crew.
When the breakwater was extended in 1906 and reached the remains of the Adolphe, her remaining two masts and jib-boom were removed for safety reasons, she is actually resting across the remains of SS Wendouree, wrecked in 1898, and SS Lindus, lost in 1899.
- Cawarra location.jpg
Location of Adolphe on Stockton breakwall in relation to other wrecks
- Adolphe wreck1.jpg
The wreck of the Adolphe on Stockton breakwall
- Lars Bruzelius (1996). "Adolphe". http://www.bruzelius.info/Nautica/Ships/Fourmast_ships/Adolphe(1902).html. Retrieved 5 February 2010.
- "Port News" (PDF). Newcastle Port Corporation. August 2006. p. 1. http://www.newportcorp.com/client_images/567474.pdf. Retrieved February 2010.
- "National Shipwrecks database - wreck details Adolphe". Australian National Shipwreck Database. Department of the Environment, Water, Heritage and the Arts. http://www.environment.gov.au/cgi-bin/heritage/nsd/nsd_form.pl?search_id=5259. Retrieved 5 February 2010.
- Loney, Jack Kenneth (1993). Wrecks on the New South Wales Coast. Oceans Enterprises. ISBN 9780646110813.
- Bateson, Charles (1972). Australian Shipwrecks - vol1 1622-1850. Sydney: AH and AW Reed. ISBN 0589071122.
- Loney, Jack Kenneth (1980). Australian shipwrecks Vol. 2 1851–1871. Sydney: Reed.
- Loney, Jack Kenneth (1982). Australian shipwrecks Vol. 3 1871–1900. Geelong Victoria: List Publishing.
- Loney, Jack Kenneth (1987). Australian shipwrecks Vol. 4 1901–1986. Portarlington Victoria: Marine History Publications.
- Loney, Jack Kenneth (1991). Australian shipwrecks Vol. 5 Update 1986. Portarlington Victoria: Marine History Publications.
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