SS Iron Knight

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Iron Knight in 1940
Career (Australia) Flag of Australia
Owner: Broken Hill Proprietory Company, Broken Hill
Port of registry: United Kingdom Melbourne, Australia
Builder: Lithgows Ltd, Port Glagsow
Launched: 1937
Completed: October 1937
Identification: UK Official Number 159568
Code Letters VLJZ
Fate: Torpedoed by Japanese submarine I-21 on 8 February 1943
General characteristics
Tonnage: 4,812 GRT
Length: 404 feet 5 inches (123.27 m)
Beam: 56 feet 2 inches (17.12 m)
Propulsion: 1 x quadruple expansion steam engine (D Rowland & Son, Glasgow) 553 horsepower (412 kW)
Complement: 50
Armament: stern deck gun (3 or 4-inch)

SS Iron Knight was a 4,812 GRT Australian iron ore carrier which was sunk during World War II by a Japanese submarine.


Iron Knight was built by Lithgows Ltd, Port Glasgow for Broken Hill Proprietary Company, Broken Hill. She was completed in October 1937 and was homeported in Melbourne under the British Flag.[1]

On 8 February 1943, Iron Knight was part of Convoy OC 8 from Whyalla, South Australia up the east coast of New South Wales to Newcastle, New South Wales.[2] At 2:30 am, a torpedo fired by Japanese submarine I-21 at escorts HMAS Townsville and HMAS Mildura passed under the bow of Townsville and struck Iron Knight, which was at the head of the convoy.[3] Her position was 36°51′S 149°44′E / 36.85°S 149.733°E / -36.85; 149.733.[4]

Iron Knight sank within two minutes bow first. Out of the crew of 50 only 14 survived after climbing on board a single lifeboat. The convoy steamed ahead and the survivors were picked up by the French destroyer Le Triomphant ten days later.[3]

The wreck of the Iron Knight was discovered in waters off the town of Bermagui, New South Wales at a depth of approximately 125 metres (410 ft). The wreck was officially declared a protected wreck on 4 August 2006.[3] The crew of Iron Knight who lost their lives in the attack are commemorated on the Newcastle Mercantile Marine Memorial, outside Newcastle railway station[5]

Official number and code letters

Official Numbers were a forerunner to IMO Numbers. Iron Knight had the UK Official Number 159568 and used the Code Letters VLJZ. [1]