SS Oriana (1959)

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SS Oriana in Vava'u, Tonga
Name: SS Oriana: 1960-2005
Owner: Orient Steam Navigation Company: 1960-1966
P&O: 1966-1986
Operator: Orient Steam Navigation Company: 1960-1966
P&O: 1966-1986
Port of registry: London  United Kingdom
Builder: Vickers-Armstrong
Cost: £12,500,000
Yard number: 1061
Laid down: September 18, 1956
Launched: November 3, 1959
Completed: 1960
Maiden voyage: December 3, 1960
In service: 1960-1986
Out of service: March 27, 1986
Fate: Preserved as a hotel ship in 1986. Her service as a hotel ship ended after she partially sank at her berth after a storm in 2004.
Status: Scrapped
General characteristics
Tonnage: 41,910 gross tons
Length: 245.1 m
Beam: 30.5 m
Installed power: 80,000 horsepower
Propulsion: Two sets of Pametrada steam turbines each consisting of a high pressure, intermediate pressure and low pressure turbine; double reduction gearing; twin propellers
Auxiliary Power: Four auxiliary steam turbines, each driving a 1,750 kW, 220 V DC Generato
Speed: Trials: 30.64 knots
Service: 27.5 knots
Capacity: Liner: 2,000 passengers
Cruising: 1,750 passengers
Crew: Liner: 980
Cruising: 780

SS Oriana was the last of the Orient Steam Navigation Company's ocean liners. She was built at Vickers-Armstrong, Barrow-in-Furness, Cumbria and launched on 3 November 1959 by Princess Alexandra. Originally resplendent with her owners' traditional corn coloured hull, Oriana appeared as an Orient Line ship until 1966, when that company was fully absorbed into the P&O group. Faced with unprofitable around the world passenger routes, the P&O white hulled Oriana was operated as a full time cruise ship from 1973. Between 1981 and her retirement from service five years later, Oriana was based at Sydney, Australia, operating to Pacific Ocean and South-East Asian ports. Deemed surplus to P&O's requirements in early 1986, the vessel was sold to become a floating hotel and tourist attraction, first in Japan and later in China. As a result of damage sustained from a severe storm whilst in the port of Dalian in 2004, SS Oriana was finally sold to local breakers in 2005.


In May 1954 the Orient Steam Navigation Company began considering replacing SS Orontes and RMS Orion on the United Kingdom to Australia route. One ship was called for, named Orbustus in the early stages of planning, before Oriana was settled on - a reference to both the former Elizabeth I of England and the recently-crowned Queen Elizabeth II.[1]

Oriana's maiden voyage was from Southampton to Sydney in December 1960. At 41,915 gross tonnes and with capacity for 2,000 passengers in two classes (first and tourist), Oriana was briefly the largest passenger liner in service on the UK to Australia and New Zealand route, until the introduction of the 45,733 tonne SS Canberra in 1961. The Canberra could never match the Oriana for speed however, the latter having achieved 30.64 knots during her pre-hand over trials in 1960. Oriana held the Golden Cockerel trophy for the fastest ship in the P&O fleet until she retired in 1986, when it was handed over to the Canberra. On Canberra's final cruise the Golden Cockerel was handed over to the new MV Oriana when both ships were anchored off Cannes and sent boats out to perform the handover.

From 1973, Oriana was converted to operate as a one class cruise ship and from 1981 until retirement in March 1986 was based in Sydney. After a layup of two months at No. 21 Pyrmont wharf, Sydney, the ship was sold and moved to Osaka to become a floating hotel. This venture was ultimately not very successful, and she was subsequently sold to Chinese interests in 1995. The ship again served as a floating hotel and tourist attraction in Shanghai until 2002, when she was moved to Dalian. In 2004 Oriana was damaged in a storm; repairs proved to be unfeasible and she was towed to a ship breakers yard and dismantled in 2005.[2]

The name Oriana was inherited by another P&O Cruises ship in 1995, the MV Oriana.

See also


  1. McCart. SS Oriana. p. 5. 
  2. Miller, William H. (2006). Doomed Ships: Great Ocean Liner DIsasters. Dover. pp. 115. ISBN 13-987-0-486-45366-8. 

Further reading

  • McCart, Neil (1992). SS Oriana -The Last Great Orient Liner. Cheltenham: FAN Publications. ISBN 0-9519538-0-X. 

External links

ja:オリアナ (初代)