USS Gadsden (AK-182)
|Namesake:||Gadsden County, Florida|
|Ordered:||as type (C1-M-AV1) hull, MC hull 2113|
|Builder:||Walter Butler Shipbuilders, Inc., Superior, Wisconsin|
|Laid down:||date unknown|
|Launched:||8 April 1944|
|Acquired:||by the U.S. Navy on loan-charter basis, 26 December 1944|
|Commissioned:||28 February 1945 as USS Gadsden (AK-182) at New Orleans, Louisiana|
|Decommissioned:||31 January 1946, at Norfolk, Virginia|
|Fate:||returned to the U.S. Maritime Administration on 1 February 1946 for dispositioning; eventually sold|
|Type:||Alamosa-class cargo ship|
|Tons burthen:||7,435 tons|
|Propulsion:||Diesel, single screw, 1,700shp|
|Complement:||85 officers and enlisted|
|Armament:||one 3"/50 dual purpose gun mount; six 20mm guns|
USS Gadsden (AK-182) was an Alamosa-class cargo ship acquired by the U.S. Navy during the final months of World War II. She served the Pacific Ocean theatre of operations for a short period of time before being decommissioned and returned to the U.S. Maritime Administration.
Built in Superior, Wisconsin
Gadsden was launched 8 April 1944 under Maritime Commission contract by Walter Butler Shipbuilders, Inc., Superior, Wisconsin; sponsored by Mrs. Morgan Murphy of Superior; acquired by the Navy on loan-charter basis 26 December 1944; and commissioned at New Orleans, Louisiana, 28 February 1945, Lt. W. J. Sattel in command.
World War II service
After shakedown in the Gulf of Mexico, Gadsden departed New Orleans 31 March 1945 with a cargo of frozen meat and ammunition for Ulithi, Western Caroline Islands, where she arrived on 11 May after 34 days at sea. From there she proceeded to Kossol Roads, Palau Islands for a 3-day stay marked by alerts for enemy suicide swimmers.
She was convoyed by way of Leyte to Morotai Island, Netherlands East Indies, where she spent 3 months as ammunition ship for units of the U.S. 7th Fleet. At times she serviced six to eight ships a day as she handled much of the ammunition used by fleet units for the Brunei Bay-Balikpapan invasions of Borneo.
Gadsden arrived at Leyte 31 July 1945 with about one-third of her cargo. She served as ammunition ship there until announcement of the Japanese capitulation. On 21 August 1945 she departed Leyte on a shuttle cargo run to Subic Bay, Philippine Islands, and Hollandia, New Guinea; thence back to Leyte and was routed onward to Manila, Philippine Islands.
Gadsden put to sea from Manila 26 November 1945; transited the Panama Canal 8 January 1946; and reached Norfolk, Virginia, on the 19th for inactivation. She decommissioned 31 January 1946 and was redelivered to the U.S. Maritime Commission on 1 February 1946 for layup in the Maritime James River fleet. She was subsequently sold to the Korean Shipping Corp. and renamed Yosu. Her current disposition is not known.
Honors and awards
Qualified Gadsden personnel were eligible for the following:
- American Campaign Medal
- Asiatic-Pacific Campaign Medal
- World War II Victory Medal
- Philippines Liberation Medal
DANFS lists the name of this ship as Gadsen, while other sources, including Lloyd's Shipping Register 1958/59, Vol. One) indicate her name as Gadsden which appears to be the correct spelling as the Navy named the ship after Gadsden County, Florida.
- This article includes text from the public domain Dictionary of American Naval Fighting Ships. The entry can be found here.
- NavSource Online: Service Ship Photo Archive - AK-182 Gadsden